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micropython建立ftp(服务端)含源码


micropython建立ftp(服务端)含源码

好久没出教程了,因为我秉承只上干货的原则,只发有用的干货(偶尔也夹带一些自己的碎碎念),然后就是能上代码直接粘贴出来,让大家来了就不白来,不要随便浪费别人的时间。
不废话了,这次用micropython做了一个ftp的服务端,github上面找来的,很精简,就一个py文件,需要的拿走,直接贴代码。

#vx jd3096
import socket
import network
import uos
import gc
from time import localtime

SSID='NBWIFI'
PASSWORD='xxxxxxx'
wlan=network.WLAN(network.STA_IF)
wlan.active(True)
wlan.connect(SSID,PASSWORD)
if wlan.isconnected():
    print('WIFI connected already!')
else:
    while not wlan.isconnected():
        pass
    print('WIFI connected first')
print(wlan.ifconfig()[0])    #建立WIFI连接的方法自己随便弄,这里给个参考,ftp的地址就是打印出来的,ifconfig()的第一项

month_name = ["", "Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun", "Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"]

def send_list_data(path, dataclient, full):
    try: # whether path is a directory name
        for fname in uos.listdir(path):
            dataclient.sendall(make_description(path, fname, full))
    except: # path may be a file name or pattern
        pattern = path.split("/")[-1]
        path = path[:-(len(pattern) + 1)]
        if path == "": path = "/"
        for fname in uos.listdir(path):
            if fncmp(fname, pattern) == True:
                dataclient.sendall(make_description(path, fname, full))
                
def make_description(path, fname, full):
    if full:
        stat = uos.stat(get_absolute_path(path,fname))
        file_permissions = "drwxr-xr-x" if (stat[0] & 0o170000 == 0o040000) else "-rw-r--r--"
        file_size = stat[6]
        tm = localtime(stat[7])
        if tm[0] != localtime()[0]:
            description = "{}    1 owner group {:>10} {} {:2} {:>5} {}\r\n".format(
                file_permissions, file_size, month_name[tm[1]], tm[2], tm[0], fname)
        else:
            description = "{}    1 owner group {:>10} {} {:2} {:02}:{:02} {}\r\n".format(
                file_permissions, file_size, month_name[tm[1]], tm[2], tm[3], tm[4], fname)
    else:
        description = fname + "\r\n"
    return description
    
def send_file_data(path, dataclient):
    with open(path, "r") as file:
        chunk = file.read(512)
        while len(chunk) > 0:
            dataclient.sendall(chunk)
            chunk = file.read(512)

def save_file_data(path, dataclient, mode):
    with open(path, mode) as file:
        chunk = dataclient.read(512)
        while len(chunk) > 0:
            file.write(chunk)
            chunk = dataclient.read(512)

def get_absolute_path(cwd, payload):
    # Just a few special cases "..", "." and ""
    # If payload start's with /, set cwd to / 
    # and consider the remainder a relative path
    if payload.startswith('/'):
        cwd = "/"
    for token in payload.split("/"):
        if token == '..':
            if cwd != '/':
                cwd = '/'.join(cwd.split('/')[:-1])
                if cwd == '': 
                    cwd = '/'
        elif token != '.' and token != '':
            if cwd == '/':
                cwd += token
            else:
                cwd = cwd + '/' + token
    return cwd

# compare fname against pattern. Pattern may contain
# wildcards ? and *.
def fncmp(fname, pattern):
    pi = 0
    si = 0
    while pi < len(pattern) and si < len(fname):
        if (fname[si] == pattern[pi]) or (pattern[pi] == '?'):
            si += 1
            pi += 1
        else:
            if pattern[pi] == '*': # recurse
                if (pi + 1) == len(pattern):
                    return True
                while si < len(fname):
                    if fncmp(fname[si:], pattern[pi+1:]) == True:
                        return True
                    else:
                        si += 1
                return False
            else:
                return False
    if pi == len(pattern.rstrip("*"))  and si == len(fname):
        return True
    else:
        return False
    
def ftpserver():

    DATA_PORT = 13333

    ftpsocket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
    datasocket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)

    ftpsocket.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
    datasocket.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)

    ftpsocket.bind(socket.getaddrinfo("0.0.0.0", 21)[0][4])
    datasocket.bind(socket.getaddrinfo("0.0.0.0", DATA_PORT)[0][4])

    ftpsocket.listen(1)
    datasocket.listen(1)
    datasocket.settimeout(10)

    msg_250_OK = '250 OK\r\n'
    msg_550_fail = '550 Failed\r\n'
    try:
        dataclient = None
        fromname = None
        while True:
            cl, remote_addr = ftpsocket.accept()
            cl.settimeout(300)
            cwd = '/'
            try:
                # print("FTP connection from:", remote_addr)
                cl.sendall("220 Hello, this is the ESP8266.\r\n")
                while True:
                    gc.collect()
                    data = cl.readline().decode("utf-8").rstrip("\r\n")
                    if len(data) <= 0:
                        print("Client disappeared")
                        break
                    
                    command = data.split(" ")[0].upper()
                    payload = data[len(command):].lstrip()

                    path = get_absolute_path(cwd, payload)
                    
                    print("Command={}, Payload={}, Path={}".format(command, payload, path))
                    
                    if command == "USER":
                        cl.sendall("230 Logged in.\r\n")
                    elif command == "SYST":
                        cl.sendall("215 UNIX Type: L8\r\n")
                    elif command == "NOOP":
                        cl.sendall("200 OK\r\n")
                    elif command == "FEAT":
                        cl.sendall("211 no-features\r\n")
                    elif command == "PWD":
                        cl.sendall('257 "{}"\r\n'.format(cwd))
                    elif command == "CWD":
                        try:
                            files = uos.listdir(path)
                            cwd = path
                            cl.sendall(msg_250_OK)
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                    elif command == "CDUP":
                        cwd = get_absolute_path(cwd, "..")
                        cl.sendall(msg_250_OK)
                    elif command == "TYPE":
                        # probably should switch between binary and not
                        cl.sendall('200 Transfer mode set\r\n')
                    elif command == "SIZE":
                        try:
                            size = uos.stat(path)[6]
                            cl.sendall('213 {}\r\n'.format(size))
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                    elif command == "QUIT":
                        cl.sendall('221 Bye.\r\n')
                        break
                    elif command == "PASV":
                        addr = network.WLAN().ifconfig()[0]
                        cl.sendall('227 Entering Passive Mode ({},{},{}).\r\n'.format(
                            addr.replace('.',','), DATA_PORT>>8, DATA_PORT%256))
                        dataclient, data_addr = datasocket.accept()
                        # print("FTP Data connection from:", data_addr)
                    elif command == "LIST" or command == "NLST":
                        if not payload.startswith("-"):
                            place = path
                        else: 
                            place = cwd
                        try:
                            send_list_data(place, dataclient, command == "LIST" or payload == "-l")
                            cl.sendall("150 Here comes the directory listing.\r\n")
                            cl.sendall("226 Listed.\r\n")
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                        if dataclient is not None:
                            dataclient.close()
                            dataclient = None
                    elif command == "RETR":
                        try:
                            send_file_data(path, dataclient)
                            cl.sendall("150 Opening data connection.\r\n")
                            cl.sendall("226 Transfer complete.\r\n")
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                        if dataclient is not None:
                            dataclient.close()
                            dataclient = None
                    elif command == "STOR":
                        try:
                            cl.sendall("150 Ok to send data.\r\n")
                            save_file_data(path, dataclient, "w")
                            cl.sendall("226 Transfer complete.\r\n")
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                        if dataclient is not None:
                            dataclient.close()
                            dataclient = None
                    elif command == "APPE":
                        try:
                            cl.sendall("150 Ok to send data.\r\n")
                            save_file_data(path, dataclient, "a")
                            cl.sendall("226 Transfer complete.\r\n")
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                        if dataclient is not None:
                            dataclient.close()
                            dataclient = None
                    elif command == "DELE":
                        try:
                            uos.remove(path)
                            cl.sendall(msg_250_OK)
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                    elif command == "RMD":
                        try:
                            uos.rmdir(path)
                            cl.sendall(msg_250_OK)
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                    elif command == "MKD":
                        try:
                            uos.mkdir(path)
                            cl.sendall(msg_250_OK)
                        except:
                            cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                    elif command == "RNFR":
                            fromname = path
                            cl.sendall("350 Rename from\r\n")
                    elif command == "RNTO":
                            if fromname is not None: 
                                try:
                                    uos.rename(fromname, path)
                                    cl.sendall(msg_250_OK)
                                except:
                                    cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                            else:
                                cl.sendall(msg_550_fail)
                            fromname = None
                    else:
                        cl.sendall("502 Unsupported command.\r\n")
                        # print("Unsupported command {} with payload {}".format(command, payload))
            except Exception as err:
                print(err)  

            finally:          
                cl.close()
                cl = None
    finally:
        datasocket.close()
        ftpsocket.close()
        if dataclient is not None:
            dataclient.close()

           
ftpserver()    #直接跑这个就成功建立服务器了


拷贝到根目录之后,直接登录测试即可。
这里有个坑,最新版本的EDGE和谷歌浏览器已经不支持FTP了,别像我一样折腾半天了,直接打开任意文件夹,输入ftp地址即可,ftp://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx然后就出来了,看下面两个图:
Snipaste_2022-07-26_00-32-09.jpg

Snipaste_2022-07-26_00-32-55.jpg


来源:https://blog.csdn.net/jd3096/article/details/123722188


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